Union Stronghold

1864 - Union Stronghold
The Federal Bridge

SOURCE: National Archives
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Redoubt Carpenter

Union earthworks can be seen below Cameron Hill. 'Redoubt Carpenter' lay atop Kirkman Hill and later became the city reservoir. That location is now the home of AT&T Field

A post 1867 view after that year's flood washed away the bridge.

[See image below]

"There was once a fine bridge across the Tennessee, at Chattanooga, but it fell a victim to a great flood a few years ago [1867]. The Chattanoogians (sic) have been so busy since erecting new warehouses, new railroad-depots, and new hotels, that they have forgotten the piers of masonry in the river-bed, which in grim solitude seem to utter a protest against their neglect. Not that we, searchers for the picturesque, would have had it otherwise -- for a bridge would have deprived us of one of the quaintest ferries in the country. It is a rope-ferry, having for motive-power the river-current. A long rope from the ferry-boat, supported at regular intervals on poles resting on small flat-boats, is attached, several hundred feet up-stream, to an island in mid-water. The boat thus secured is pushed from the shore. when it begins to catch the force of the current the boat is swiftly propelled on the arc of a circle across the stream. The groups upon its decks were striking. There were sportsmen with a great following of dogs, horsemen vehicles, and groups of cattle, On the opposite shore, as we drew near, were visible great numbers of waiting horsemen and cattle, giving evidence of the active business of the ferry, and emphasizing the wonder that the bridge has not been restored."

The Role of Ferry Crossings in the Development of the Transportation Network in East Tennessee,1790-1974 Tyrel Gilce Moore Jr. University of Tennessee - Knoxville
Photo: Matt Miller Collection